Tuesday, 26 March 2013

Trove Tuesday: Obituary for Georgina Auld

Following on from my previous (5 April) Trove Tuesday post on the Obituary for Rev. John Auld, today  I want to concentrate on John Auld's wife Georgina. The reasoning being that I am in possession of an old photograph album that was donated to me back in October last year. I have given several talks over the last couple of years on Digitial Preservation & Scanning and Identifying and Preserving your Family Photographs and am currently working on digitising this unique Auld family album to share with fellow researchers. More information will be forthcoming, as well as a series of posts relating to digitial preservation in general, so stay tuned...but back to today's Trove find...

Born 1844 in Kilmaurs (AYR, SCT) to parents John Muir and Elizabeth Millar, Georgina Muir married Reverend John Auld (son of John Auld and Janet Thomson) on 18 August 1873 in Kilmanock (AYR, SCT). John and Georgina immigrated to Sydney (NSW, AUS) shortly after their marriage. Georgina survived her husband of twenty nine years by a further ten years, passing away at the residence of her son, the Reverend John Hay Goodlet Auld in Nowra (NSW, AUS).

A search on Trove reveals the following obituary:

Source: OBITUARY. (1923, February 20). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved March 24, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16045572
...a transcript of the obituary reads:


The funeral of Mrs. Georgina Auld, widow of the late Rev. J. Auld, moved from St. Stephens Church, Phillip-strcet, yesterday, to Rookwood Cemetery, after a service had been conducted by Revs. Alexander Clarke, J. C. McDonald, and John Macaulay.
There were amongst those present the Rev. J. H. S. Auld, B.A., Messrs. David T., Robert, and J. Muir Auld (sons of the deceased), Mrs. F. H. Greaves, of Wollstonecraft (daughter), the Rev. John Ferguson, the Rev. A. Thain Anderson, the Rev. John Edwards, the Rev. A. Doig, the Rev. W. A. S. Anderson, Mesdames J. H. G. Auld, D. T. Auld, and Robert Auld (daughters-in-law), Messrs. Robert Auld and Alvah Auld (nephews), Mrs. Robert Auld (sis- ter-in-law), and Dr. R. S. McKinnon.

Interestingly Georgina's obituary gives a full account of both surviving and past members of the family unit. Further searching reveals that Georgina died at her sons residence at The Manse in Nowra...more evidence for the database.

Source: Family Notices. (1923, February 19). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 8. Retrieved March 26, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16035855

Tuesday, 19 March 2013

Trove Tuesday : A brick wall falls

As a genealogist we all face brick walls during the course of our research. One particular brick wall I faced was with tracing my great-great-uncle Peter Auld. This post recalls how Trove helped me in my research to break down this particular wall.

The Wall

John Wallace Auld and Jane Fair’s third son Peter was born 10 September 1861 at their home in Cardigan Street Carlton (VIC, AUS). At eleven years of age, Peter's mother Jane passed away and by his twelfth birthday his father had remarried Elizabeth Lithgow. At twenty three years old in 1885, an iron moulder by trade, Peter is known as Peter William Auld. It is at this time that he married widower Rose Mitchell nee Halstead at the Erskine Manse in Carlton.

Following the dead ends

Unfortunately the trail of Peter went cold after his marriage to Rose. All subsequent research indicated that Peter Auld had changed his name to Frank Gresham. Purchasing certificates for the death of Rose Gresham confirmed I was on the correct path and that I had found Rose Halstead, but the Auld name was not mentioned. To muddy the waters even further, Rose was also known by the names of Grace Gresham, Grace Halstead and Rose Grace Gresham! Rose's marriage in 1885 was listed...but to a Frank Gresham.

Thinking that Frank Gresham could be my elusive Peter Auld, research found that Frank was also known by the name of Frank Jones and that he was a stage manager and theatrical producer.Unfortunately research also proved that Frank Gresham was not Peter Auld...so what happened to Peter?

Trove to the rescue

The first clue happened by coincident whilst looking for another Auld branch in Western Australia. What was found was a memoriam that listed a Peter and Nellie Auld who had lost a son the year prior: 
Source: Family Notices. (1902, October 1). The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), p. 6. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24844808

The question now was, could this be the Peter Auld from Victoria that I had been looking for? Further investigation on trove found a death notice printed the year prior in the West Australian newspaper:

Source: Family Notices. (1901, October 1). The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24760317

Interestingly the name listed in the death notice is W.P. Auld...Peter William / William Peter, not an uncommon scenario switching first and second names around. With further investigation of the WA BDM indexes and Trove, the death of a William Peter Auld was tracked down and confirmed in 1934:

Source: Family Notices. (1934, September 3). The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32935117

...and on the same page a funeral notice was also listed:

Source: Family Notices. (1934, September 3). The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), p. 1. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32935117

The wall crumbles

With the clues found in the above Trove archives, continued research and purchasing of certificates confirms that this was indeed the elusive Peter Auld from Victoria. The marriage of William Peter Auld and Nellie Wallace (daughter of Robert Wallace and Martha Rodd) was recorded as having taken place on 30 January 1892 at the All Saints Church in Hindmarsh (SA, AUS). William Peter Auld's father is listed as John Auld and his occupation is also confirmed as an iron moulder. Another clue is that the signatures that appear on both the 1885 and 1892 marriage certificates prove with an extremely high degree of certainty that it is the same person. The couple had two daughters in South Australia before moving to Western Australia where another two children are born, the only son unfortunately dying at a young age due to pneumonia. The children of the marriage are:

  • Janet Millicent Victoria Auld (1893-1951)
  • Dorothy Adelaide Auld (1895-1956)
  • Nellie Muriel Auld (1898-1967)
  • William Peter Auld (1900-1901)

What can we learn from this experience?

A valuable lesson learnt is that no matter how frustrating your research can get and no matter how many brick walls you come up against, never give up in trying to knock your research walls down. The smallest clue can sometimes bring a whole wall tumbling down. Don't give up, just tackle the problem from a different angle.

Tuesday, 12 March 2013

Trove Tuesday : John McDouall Stuart and the Aulds

Late on Saturday evening I was wondering about what I should write on for today's Trove Tuesday and came across a tweet by ScotlandsPeople ‏(@ScotlandsPeople). The tweet read:
Hunt begins for descendants of Scotland's great Australian explorer, John McDouall Stuart http://bit.ly/XwxO7P #familyhistory #genealogy
As part of my research on Australian Aulds I remembered about the three brothers who immigrated into South Australia and their family connection to the John McDouall Stuart expedition party of 1861-62.

Immigration into South Australia

William Auld, a farmer,  and Mary Stevenson had ten children over a seventeen year period of 1793 to 1811 inclusive. All born in Kirkcolm WIG SCT, a farming village on the northern tip of the Rhinns of Galloway peninsula in Dumfries and Galloway. Three of William and Mary's sons emigrated to Australia, they were:
  1. John Auld (1796-1860) - immigrated 1835. John Auld married Isabella Steele on 20 April 1850 at Holy Trinity Church, Adelaide, SA, AUS.
  2. Thomas Kilpatrick Auld (1808-?) - immigrated 18 September 1839 onboard the Glenswilly, also found on a passenger list on 1 April 1842 at Port Adelaide, SA, AUS, onboard the Welcome from Greenock via Melbourne. Thomas Kilpatrick Auld married Marion Hutchison on 19 June 1843 at Prospect Village, SA, AUS.
  3. Patrick Auld (1811-1886) - Patrick Auld married Eliza McKinnell circa 1835 at Stranraer, WIG, SCT. Patrick and Eliza emmigrated from London with their three children Agnes Auld, Georgiana Auld and William Patrick Auld, departing 9 December 1841 onboard the Fortitude, arriving on 6 April 1842 to Port Adelaide, SA, AUS.

William Patrick Auld

The son of Scottish parents Patrick Auld and Eliza McKinnell, William Patrick Auld was born 1840 in Ashton under Lyne, LAN, ENG. He migrated to Australia with his parents and two siblings at the age of one. A well known and famous South Australian vigneron and wine merchant, William's other claim to fame is that he participated in John McDouall Stuart's sixth expedition which successfully crossed Australia from south to north. William, as a surveyor, was also part of the Boyle Travers Finniss expedition that explored the Adelaide River region in the Northern Territory looking for suitable land for a capital in 1864.

William Patrick Auld ca.1880
Source: State Library of South Australia, B3622
William Patrick Auld married Eliza Hartland Strawbridge, daughter of William Smerdon Strawbridge, on 15 November 1865 at the residence of W. S. Strawbridge, Norwood, SA, AUS. William and Eliza had five children: Edith Mary Auld, William George Auld, Ernest Patrick Auld, Theodore Auld and Eliza Adeline Auld.

Trove Tip

If you can't find the information you are after in the local newspaper to were an event occurred, look in other newspapers from around Australia.

A case in example, William Patrick Auld died in Adelaide, South Australia, on 2 September 1912. His death was reported in the Tasmanian newspaper Zeehan and Dundas Herald the following day.

Adelaide, Monday Evening. — William Patrick Auld has died, aged 73. He was a member of J. McDonall Stuart's expedition, which travelled the Continent from south to north. On Friday last the Governor presented Mr Auld with a medal to mark the jubilee of the expedition crossing Australia.
Source: Family Notices. (1912, September 3). Zeehan and Dundas Herald (Tas. : 1890 - 1922), p. 3. Retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article83332538

A treasure found on trove

It is not until fourteen years after William Patrick Auld's death that a real treasurer on Trove was discovered, just waiting to be found. That treasurer is a published extract of William's diary starting in December 1862 (the year of the successful south/north crossing of Australia) and covers the year 1863. The diary entries give a wonderful insight into the end of Stuart's expedition, but then goes on to detail the day to day operations of the family Auldana Vineyard as well as the social comings and goings of a mid nineteenth century South Australian gentleman. The printed extract is as follows:-
And William Patrick Auld.
By A. T. Saunders.
Extracts from His Diary.

Thanks to Dr. Angas Johnson, I have before me the Diary of "Pat" Auld for 1863, which he began on his arrival in Adelaide. 16/2/1862. Stuart and Auld left the party at Mount Deception, or Moolooloo, and came on to Adelaide, and from Adelaide Auld went back to join the party. The first news of Stuart's return is in The Register, 16/12/1862, a message from Capt. R. McKay, of Mount Deception, wired from Clare, that Stuart had reached and was at Glen's Station, 8/12/ 1862. He had crossed the continent to the Indian Ocean, and the party was well, except that Stuart had scurvy, and he and Auld were on their way to Adelaide. The Register 17/12/62, announces that John Chambers had wired to Finke from Kooringa that Stuart and Auld would arrive by train, 16/12/1862. Auld's first diary entry is:— "Started to meet Stuart's party; stayed at Kingford" (Stephen King's place near Gawler. King of the party was a son of King of Kingsford). "All right." The next day's entry states that "Mr King drove me to Rosewater Station: proceeded by train to Kapunda. Was told that the party was at Forrester's. Last night took the 4.30 to Templars, and stayed all night." The next entry says:— "Party arrived at Templars- Mrs. Templar (?) gave good dinner. Arrived at Willaston (Gawler). The Register, 18/12/62, in a leader on the party, says Stuart left with 71 horses and brought back 48, so evidently one-third perished. In The Register, 19/12/62, is a letter from Kekwick from Mount Margaret, dated 30/11/1862, saying that the party reached there, 26/11/62, after an absence of 44 weeks, and that they were 17 weeks coming from the Indian Ocean, and Wire all sorry to hear of Mr. James Chambers's death, 10/8/62. The Register, December 26 and 27, 1862, has leaders on Stuart's diary and chart, which show that the party started from Adelaide 26/10/1861,: and from Mount Margaret 21/1/1862. They reached the Indian Ocean on Friday, 25/7/1863, and returned to Mount Margaret Station, 26/11/1882.
Mount Margaret was owned by Philip Levi & Co., the manager being Stephen Jarvis, whom I knew well some years afterwards. It was a horse and cattle station, and was then the station farthest north. Christie Bagot and his brother afterwards owned it.
The party were at Auburn, 15/1/63, having left Moolooloo, 30/12/1862, for Mount Remarkable, where they arrived, 7/1/63, via Aroona, Wilpena, Akkaba, Warrika, Kanyka, and Raglass. They were at Charleton, 10/1/63, and Auld met them at Templars. They arrived at Willaston at 6.p.m. on Saturday, 17/1/63, and were in Gawler on Sunday, and left Willaston at 11 a.m. and Monday, 19/1/63, and passed through Gawler, Smithfield and Salisbury, and reached Mr. Chambers's farm below Prospect village at 6 p.m., and were met by Stuart, John Chambers, and Finke (who died 17/1/64).

Formal Entry Into Adelaide.
As Auld, King, and Billiatt had seen their friends, they took charge of the horses, and the others went to Adelaide, to return next day, 20/1/63, for the formal entry into Adelaide, 21/1/63, which duly occurred, and is described in The Register of 22/1/1863 and the day before. The Register, 23/1/63, announces the sale of the horses and equipment by auction that day, and mentions that the horses were selected by James Chambers and Inspector Hamilton, and were mostly half-circle over C. (Chambers) horses.
The Register, 24/1/63, refers to the sale, and says the horses averaged £9 4/ each. Auld's diary says that the party after leaving Willaston passed through Gawler and camped at Williams's "Old Spot." Next day camped at Chambers's farm, and 21/1/63, the demonstration in Adelaide and the formal entry took place. Aud continues, 22/1/63:— "Young King, the colt, reared and fell on the top of me at the Globe stables. Took Georgiana to the concert given in honour of Stuart and party.

Sale of Horses.
23/1/63.— "Exploring horses sold; bought Wilberforce, £10, and Teaser, £7 5/. A wet evening." He gives a list of 40 of the horses which were sold and the prices: — Creamy went to Finke for £10 10/; Frew bought Roachback for £1 10/; Thring bought Cloag for £12 10/; Crane bought Blowhard for £11 15/; Kekwick bought O'Halloran for £12 10/ and Bagot for £10; Salway bought Prizefighter for £6 10/ and Sweep for £15; Scott bought Ranger of £8 15/; Hughes bought Patrick, but Auld does not give the price. The prices of the other 28 horses and their names are recorded, but not the names, of the buyers. Auld's next entry is 11/3/63: — Parliament voted Stuart £2,000, Kekwick £500, Thring £200. Auld £200. and the others £100 each. Waterhouse got his £10O and £400 per annum, the other £100 men got only £1 per week.
14/3/63.— The next entry says:— Very windy day. Rode Young King into town; got thrown near Ballantyne's. Rifle match, Sydney and Adelaide— Sydney, 1,842; Adelaide, 1,735. Went to the Bay with Frank Rymill and H. Ayers; returned at sundown.
20/3/63... Mr. Auld says:— "Received bonus £200, and next day shod the colt King and went to Morphett Vale." 24/3/63.— He "drove Georgiana to a tea meeting" at Mr. Haining's Scots' Kirk. Next day rode Teazer to Mr. Drapers.
Fred took him to the Globe; Charlie and I went to Kapunda, dined at Mr. Pollard's, met G. McLachlan at Moyle's; returned to town by last train, went to the Theatre, cost 6/, and expenses to Kapunda and back, 21/. 26/3/83— At Mr. Draper's in the evening, called on C. Penny and Mr. Irving, of the College. 27/3/63 —Went to town. Teazer died at the Globe stables; charge for him, 16/. . 28/3/63 — Bought a chestnut mare for £12 10/-, dined at Mr. A. J. Baker's. Frank Rymill, Charlie Fenn, and I went to the Bay, had tea at Mr. J. B. Neales's, had supper at Mr. Fenn's, and returned home. 30/3/03 — Drove into town, went to the Theatre with C. and J. Fenn and Stephenson, and saw Wren boys and the "Jacobite." 3/4/63 — Good Friday, drove down tandem to the Bay, C. and J. Fenn and Frank Rymill; went to dinner at Mr. Young's, re- turned with Bicklord. 4/4/63 — Strawbridge and I went and got Mr. Morris's filly and mouthed him (sic). 6/4/63 — Easter Monday. Went to picnic given by Mr. and Mrs. Fenn at the weir, stayed all night at Mr. Fenn's. 7/4/63 — Drove into town, drove Miss Haining to Mr. Milne's, and went to the Philharmonic (?) Society. Georgiana went to the new church soiree. 9/4/63— Took in Mr. Morris's wine press. 10/4/63— Rode Theresa into town; went to A. J. Baker's. Mr. and Mrs. Baker, Miss and C. Fenn, Misses Sanders, Frank Rymill, and I went to the Theatre, "Socrisse the Juggler" and "Nan the Good for Nothing." 11/4/63 — Went for a picnic with the Bakers and Ayers to Brownhill Creek. 14/4/63— Rode Wilberforce into town, took him to Sharp's, he being very lame in the off foreleg. Stopped all night with Mr. Bickford. 15/4/63 — Stephen King came out by 5 bus; blistered Wilberforce. 16/4/63 — Stephen King went back to town by the 9 bus. I rode Theresa into town, called on Mr. Goyder, arranged to go down to the Bay with him tomorrow; had a long talk with Mr. King. 17/4/63 — Went to Brighton with Mr. Goyder; agreed with him to go on a trignometrical survey. 18/4/63 — Returned from Brighton. G. McLachlan, came out with me. Mr. Green and Mr. Cullen called; Geogre and I went for a ride, Colenzo's Algebra, 2/6. 19/4/63 — Went to Clayton Chapel, and in the evening to Wesleyan Chapel, Magill. 20/4/63— Rode Theresa to town, stayed all night at Mr. Fenn's. 21/4/63— Brought Roany out with me; left Theresa at Deacon's on trial. 22/4/63— Went to the races and to Theatre, "Rake's Progress,' and stage struck; at Mr. Ayers all night.

Hurdle Races.
23/4/63 — To races, met King and Billiatt there, to Theatre in evening, "Honeymoon" and "Middy Ashore." King and I stayed at the Blenheim. Hurdle race between Marchant's North-West and Brinkley's South-East for £50. The latter won. The most interesting event of the day. 24/4/63 — To the races, and Theatre in evening, "Husband for an Hour" and "Betsy Baker." 25/4/63 — To races. G Morley's Charlie and H. Roe's Fidget race over four hurdles for £10. Charlie won. King and I returned home. Billiatt came at 10 p.m. Got my "care de visite, £1." 27/4/63 — Went to town, got a little dog for Mr. Pollard, saw the fireworks, a dead sell. King and Billiatt started on a tour to the south. 28/4/63— Rode to town, bought Simms's trea- tise on mathematical instruments, 8/ ; piece of music, 2 /6. Finished reading Kenilworth; went to Mr. Young's 7 p.m. to take lessons in trigonometry. 2/5/63— Went to the butts (south part lands) to class fire; passed into the second class; applied to be a subscriber to the ball to the officers of the Djambi, Dutch warship, £1 5/. 5/5/63 — Went to town 5 p.m. bus, received the medal for wine given by the Great Exhibition (Lon- don, 1862?) Went to A. J. Baker's; at 9 p.m. Frank Rymill and I went to the Djambi ball. 8/5/63 — Bought a kangaroo bitch from E. T. Smith. 9/5/63 — Class fired with the Free Rifles, only made 4 hits in the second class; cartridges 6/, caps 2/6. 13/5/63 — Went to the Theatre, "Belphegor," the mounte- bank and soldier, sailor, tinker, tailor. At Mr. Bickford's all night. 14/5/63 — Went to Hindmarsh and bought from Magarey the Moolooloo cob for £25. Rode down to Morphett Vale to Miss Anderson's wedding; got there just as the ceremony was over, but in good time for for the breakfast, had rare fun in the evening; went to bed 6 a.m.
15/5/63.— Felt rather tired. After dinner Mrs. Anderson, Rudall, Alexander Anderson, and I went to the beach, jumped the cob over a three-rail fence, which he did well. 16/5/63. — Rudall and I started for town about 9. Called at .Mr. Cumming's; left Rudall in town; got home 1 p.m. 19/5/63.— Commemoration of Prince ot Wales's marriage.

Queen's Birthday.
25/5/63 (Queen's Birthday)— Went into town; wet day; came out with Stephen King; called at Mr. Wilson's and Mr. Fenn's; drove roany home: lost my Albert chain. 27/5/63 — S. King, Charley Fenn, and I rode to the review and to Government ball. 29/S/63 — S. King and I went to town. Frew started for Mount Deception; he gave me his carte-de-visite. 10/6/63 — Rode Podgie and led Theresa into town; lent Therese to Mr. Waterhouse. 13/6/63 — Rode to the Bay with C. Fenn and F. Ste- venson; was at Mr. Neale's till Monday. 18/6/63 — E. Strawbridgs and I went to Home Park and got some slips of rare plants; clipped the quince trees and took a lesson in pruning from Beasley; made 318 Shiraz cuttings for the six acres. 19/6/63 — Varnished the spring cart. John and Alfred cut 1,700 Shiraz, which were planted in the new vineyard (E. W. W.. E. W. Wright?). 20/6/63 — Drove father and Georgiana to town to go by the train for Kapunda; left vines for P. G. Harris; ordered some cyprus trees from J. Partridge; called at Mr. Strawbridge's, and brought Mrs. S. out with me. .22/6/63 — Public holiday for Queen's accession. 26/6/63 — Rode into town. Gerner stuffed one of my teeth. 29/6/63— Prun- ing in the morning; after dinner took 6,000 cuttings to Mr. Morris for Dr. Kelly and 3,000 to Mr Noltenius for Capt. Trimmer (or Fin- nis). 1/7/1863 — The Ministry resigned. Dut- ton sent for. Met King, Billiatt, and three of their friends in town. Afterwards called on E. H. S. (Mrs. Strawbridge, whom he married) in the evening. 2/7/63 — Gave Frank Ayers a lily seed and some beans and Mr. Cannon three lily seeds and a few beans. Called a+ Crown Lands office and Stilling's. Sold Theresa to Mr. Waterhouse for £11. 3/7/63— Rode to town on Podgie; sale of horses. Hughes's trot- ting pony sold to Elliot for £35; sold Podgie to Mr. Shelley for £25. Mr. Longbottom drove me home; had tea with him, and a few games of chess, the most of which he won. 4/7/63 — Drove into town; got some flax plants; had tea at Mr. Fenn's; went to the theatre to see "Kenilworth." Charley and Frank Reynell came out with me. 5/7/63— Went to Mr. Baker's (Morialta) in the afternoon and to church. 6/7/63— Paid Gurner 5/ drawing a tooth.

Original Planting at Auldana.
7/7/63— Pruning Verdilho in South Auldana vineyard. Received from A. Stow 6,000 Shiraz, 8,000 Virdilho. 2,500 Reisling, and 5,000 Mataro from Mr. Grant. 8/7/63— Drove to town; took 1,000 cuttings for Trimmer. The Dutton Ministry resigned. Brought out 2,800 Palo Mino Bianco cuttings from Dr. Kelly. The Coorong, steamer, arrived (a seven days' passage from Melbourne). Planting cuttings in the new vineyard. 9/7/63 - Drove to town; took 10,000 cuttings for G. P. Knight, Victoria. 10/7/63 - Bess shod all round at Magill; 6/ sent per bullock dray; 12,000 cuttings to Stiling & Co. John drove over to Mr. Hardy's for a load of cuttings. 11/4/63 - English mail arrived. Gen. Stonewall Jackson killed; went to market; no good horses for sale. 13/7/63 - Went into town; brought out Georgiana and Mr. Pollard. Orient arrived. Bickford passenger; Young husband dead at Rome (5/5/1863). 14/7/63 - Mr. Pollard and I surveyed the vineyard. 15/7/63 - Rode to town; called on Mr. Ayers regarding house, late residence of Mr. Noltenius (on the hill opposite Aildana); he agreed to let it for £30 per year; came out again, and immediately after dinner went in with James; called again on Mr. Ayers, agreeing to take the house. Went to Mr. Fenn's, and drove with him to hear the candidates for the Upper House. Baker, Elder, Green, Hallett, and McEllister. 17/7/63 - Rode to Paradise to see Beasley; very ill, but better than he had been. 18/7/63 - Drove to town; went to market; very dull. H. Bickford and Eliza Hill came with me; registered Dandy, my kangaroo bitch, 5/. 24/7/63 - Went to theatre; Jefferson in "The Octoroom." 25/7/63 - Drove to town; called on E.H.S. Mrs. Bickford gave me a canary. H. Bickford came out with me; cage 6/. 26/7/63 - Went to Magill church. 30/7/63 - Racking Auldana vineyard wines. 1/8/63 - Rode to town; called on E.H.S.; slept at Mr. Fenn's; swapped a nugget pin with Davis for a vine leaf pin; gave 6/ to boot. 3/8/63 - Drove into town; called at railway station for Mrs. Pollard and family. 10/8/63 - Mr. Auld and Mr. and Mrs. Pollard drove to town. I rode Maggie. Mr. Auld transferred five Auldana shares to me and I applied for five more, paying £2 10/. 12/8/63 - Angas Evans married to Miss Price. 13/8/63 - Mr. Auld and myself drove to town. I rode to Prospect Hall to see Mr. Evans; he was not in. Mr. Auld and I drove to the Port, where we met Mr. and Mrs. Evans, and sampled his wines at Newman's.

Old Identities.
Ploughing match holiay. 15/8/63 - Rode filly to town; rode back with R.D. Ross, Messrs. Gwynne, Wearing, Fenn, Andrews, Castles, Green, Tod, Wright, Knox, and Young. Gwynne came out to lunch and to adjudicate on our wines. 19/8/63 - Pruning. 20/8/63 - Phillips, of Kanyaka, married to Miss Milne. I went to the party with Mrs. and Charley Fenn. Jessie slipped her foal. 21/8/63 - Pruning. 22/8/63— Went to town and got some bitter almonds; put some into 7 300-gallon casks. Rode over to Modbury to a football match, Adelaide and Modbury clubs; neither gained a goal. Drove afterwards with J. Paltridge to Highercombe. 24/8/63 - Returned from Highercombe. John Haining came; went to Magill to see Pepper re paddock (Pepper & Pellew owned, and drove the Magill buses. 26/8/63 - Weeding; went to Kensington in the evening. 28/8/68- Put milk finings into a 300-gallon cask of white; went to town in the bus; took train to Gawler; walked to Kingsford. 29/8/63.— Billiatt and I went down tp the river to shoot; no sport. After dinner went to Mr. Holland's, who has a very nice house; returned to Kingsford, 11.30 p.m. 31/8/63— Started 9 a.m. on Wilberforce for Evandale, dined at Fischer's, Tanunda, sampled Mr. Sobel's wines, which were good: arrived at Evandale 6 p.m. 1/9/63— Mrs. Annie (Hannay) and Mrs. Johnson called, and Mr. and Mrs. Salter, and Mr. J. Blood came in the evening. I went to tea with Angas-Evans. 2/9/63 - Sampled all Mr. Evans's wines, started for Kings- ford, dined at Tanunda, and arrived at Kingsford at 4 p.m. 3/9/63 — Started for town, met R. Haining on the road, called at Kensington arrived home 8 p.m., and found Mr. Barton, of the Roderick Dhu (then in port) there.

Early Colonial Wine.
4/9/63— Racking of wine. Mr. Lamb called and bought about 300 gallons of wine at 5/3 per gallon . (This was Mr. Corbin Lamb, of Port Adelaide, who then had the shop in Port Ade- laide, now "Johnny Allsorts," corner North parade and Mildred streets). Mr. Lamb was one of the first to try and popularise the consumption of colonial wine. This 4/9/63, was my ninth birthday, and I can remember Mr. Lamb and his shop at this time clearly. Mr. Lamb bought a lot of wine and ale bottles from my grandfather, in whose house, at Queens- town, I lived. My grandfather had been given some hundreds of bottles, and he had used them to make borders of paths in his garden, the soil of which was sandy, and the inverted bottles had been pushed neck down and bottom up into the sand. These bottles were pulled up and sold to Mr. Lamb.
7/9/63 - Racking off wine. 8/9/63 - Wilberforce to town; called at Faulding's for Spanish clay (for wine finings), saw some new casks at Giles & Smith's; too slight. Rode home, tried my hand at ploughing; bought some isinglass (wine fining).

Steeplechase at Thebarton.
10/9/63 — Went to Steeplechase; three races, at Thebarton. Formby's Gay Lad won; Cadger (A. L. Gordon up), second; Jewell's Westbury, third; G. Morley's Charlie, fourth. Others— P. Levis's Cassy, R. Low's Leunara. L. Barnard's Black Boy, late Rambler. Third Race.— Blackler's Buck. Jumped Roany and Wilber- force over the fences. 11/9/63— Pruning fig trees in South Auldana Vineyard; sulphered and put away all the empty hogsheads, and ploughed for an hour in Home Park Vineyard. 12/9/63 —Pollard and I pruning fig trees; Mr. Lamb called and got a bottle of each wine he bought, filled up wines in the cellar. Georgiana and E. H. S. came by 4 p.m. bus; put Spanish clay into some casks of wine. . 14/9/63 — Found the wine I put finings in on Saturday very clear. Washed Young Enfield with tobacco, he being lousy. G. H. S. went 1 p.m. 19/9/63 Rode to town on Wilberforce, led Enfield, and left him at Crane's for Giles. 22/9/63 — Racking off wine. 23/9/63 — Sent to Melbourne one cask of red and one of white wine. 24/9/63 —Pruned vines on top of the hill, cleared away cuttings for the plough, prepared finings. 25/9/63 — In the evening went to inaugural dinner, Young's Old Scholars' Association (Register, 26/9/63). It passed off very pleasantly. 26/9/63 — Ploughing. C. and J. Fenn and Rudall called; went over to Mr. Pollard's in the evening; met Miss E. H. S. 28/9/63 — Mrs. Goyder, McLachlan, and Miss Smith called, also Mr. Green, and Mr. Main; went to the in- stitute with E. H. S. 29/9/63 — Preparing wine for Lamb, and put finings in other wine. 30/9/63 — Took Mrs. Goyder home, and Georgiana and E. H. S., to Dillon's, White's rooms; readings of Dickens and Shakespeare (Register, 1/10/63. Song, "Juanita" sung). 1/10/63 — Maggie shod all round and slippers on Wilberforce. 2/10/63 — Called at P. G. Harris (Peg Leg Harris) and Belt's. 3/10/63 — Stephen King and I went to football. (Register, 5/10/63), Adelaide and Modbury; each team contained two aboriginals; had tea at Mr. J. L. Young's. 5/10/63 — Rifle matches commenced. 6/10/63 — Went to rifle match. 8/10/63 — Sold Wilberforce at horse sale for £12. 9/10/63 — Rode Jessie to town, offered her at auction, got no bid; she fell in King William street, and a railway van nearly ran over me. 10/10/63 — Filled up the red wines.

Petition For Grant to Stuart's Party.
12/10/63 — Got petition from Deacon (Register, 15/10/63) for grants of W.T. land of Stuart's party; went to Hamilton; the phrenologist. 13/10/63— Went to town, met King and Frew, engaged all morning with petition; it was presented too late for the House to be read to-day; got written character from Hamil- ton, the phrenologist. 15/10/63 — John and I drove into town, took 5 gallon keg and some finings for some of his wine, went to cattle show. 16/10/63 — Went for a ride this after- noon; rode Mr. Monroe's filly; when cantering up Baker's carriage way she broke her leg. Came home, had tea, then rode up to Sutton's, got the filly on dungheap, and killed her.
17/10/63— King and Shelly went to town by the 9 a.m. bus, rode Bess to town, called on Mr. Monroe, and told him of the accident. Mr. Lamb sent 14 casks for his wine. 22/10/63 — Sent off Lamb's wine per own dray. 24/10/63 - John Partridge and I went to J. L. Young's. Went to theatre ("Susan Hopley.") 26/10/63 - Went to town, tried to sell Jessie to Inspec- tor Hamilton (police) for the gold expedition, but failed. Went to the New Church service. 27/10/63 — Went to town, ordered new suit of clothes at Ballantyne's. 31/10/63 — Went to the Port with Billiatt to see him off. The weather being so rough the steamer (Ant) did not start; drove Stephen (King) to Kensington and Mr. Longbottom to Magill (this was a son of the Rev. Mr. Longbottom, see Register, 5/10/63. Old Mrs. Longbottom was thrown out of an overturned buggy, at Magill, and broke both her arms just above the wrists). 2/11/63 - Went to town. A meeting of the winegrowers at the Globe Inn (Register, 3/11/63. Auld's two exhibits not sound). 3/11/63 - Harrowing in the new vineyard. John and I went to the Clayton Young Men's Society. Mr. Thomas Elder lectured on Travels in America (Register, 4/11/63).
4/11/63— Mr. Young and son came. Went to the theatre ("Aurora Floyd.") I recall that old play and the thrill it gave me. It was by Miss Braddon, I think. Aurora was a banker's daughter, who had married a jockey secretly; was blackmailed, and shot Conyers with a button used as a pistol bullet.) 5/11/63 —Mrs. Anderson, Mr. Young, and Mr. Hamilton called. Filled up the wines in the cellar. 6/11/63 — Got circulars printed for Winegrowers' Association. Got my new suit from Ballantyne. 7/11/63 — Went to town; paid Platts 8/4 for stamps for Winegrowers' Association; had game of cricket on north park lands; went home with Charles Fenn; tried A. Hallett's horse over fence; knocked down three posts in one jump; stayed all night at Mr. Fenn's. 9/11/63 — Fired off a salute at noon. W. Strawbridge and I went to see drapers' picnic;. had very good fun; went to Mr. Pollard's in evening. 10/9/63 — Topping the vines. E. H. S. came in the evening. 12/11/63 — Topping vines; put finings in old wine. Went to town by 2.30 bus. Parliament prorogued. Went to Mr. Goyder's in the evening; danced till 2 a.m.; stopped all night at Mr. McLachlan's. English mail arrived. 13/11/63 — Meeting of Winegrowers' Association. Trial of Auld v. Murray (re Real Property Act; Register 14/11/63). Judgment deferred ; went to Kensington in the evening; sold Jessie to Pellew (of Magill buses) for £15, Received an invitation to Mrs. A. J. Baker's party on 18/11/63.

Theatres and Lecture.
14/11/63 — Went to town; played cricket with S.A. Club; went to theatre with J. Part- ridge; saw "Rory O'Moore" and "Aladdin or the Wonderful Scamp." 16/11/63 — Drove into town to the winegrowers' meeting. J. Partridge came out to tea. Began haymaking.
17/11/63 — Weeding cuttings in Auldana vineyard. Charley Fenn called. John and I went to hear Rev. E. W. Cox lecture on the wonders of the microscope and a concert. (Register 19/11/63, Rev. Mr. Neville, of the Anglican (Magill) Church, present and spoke). 18/11/63 — Went to Mrs. A. J. Baker's party; stayed all night. 23/11/63— Shipped a hogs- head of wine to De Pass, Melbourne; rode in to the theatre to the amateur performance in aid of relief fund for families of soldiers sent from Adelaide to the New Zealand war — "She Stoors to Conquer" (Register 24/11/63); very good. 27/11/63 — Large picnic at Morialta; racked off three hogsheads of wine to check fer- mentation. 28/11/63 — Mr. Wright, Mr. Pellock, and Mr. E. M. Young (of the National Bank), Mrs. Wright, and Miss May, and Mr. Woods came out. 30/11/63 — Haymaking; went to the amateur performance in aid of the Shakespeare fund (Register 1/12/63).

An Accident.
1/12/63 — Start to town; meeting of winegrowers at the Globe. Went to Dr. L. L. Smith (Kreitmayer's anatomical exhibition). Bess fell near the Maid and Magpie; rolled over me, and hurt my leg. H. Bickford came out with me. 2/12/63 — Leg bad; not able to do any- thing. E. H. S. came. 4/12/63 — Filling up wines. E. H. S. went at noon. John, Mr. Pol- lard, and I went to hear Dr L. L. Smith lecture.' 5/12/ 63 — Went to town. Called on Dr. Wheeler to show him my leg. 7/12/63 — Leg still bad; wrote Mr. King that I could not at- tend wedding to-morrow (Register 11/12/63; E. R. Hallett to Victora King at Gawler). Dr. L. L. Smith called in the afternoon. 14/12/63 -Went to town; brought out Bloor, the cooper (of Bloor & Gerner). 16/12/63 — Went to town it the evening; brought out gauging sticks, went to breaking-up party at Miss Strawbridge's school. 18/12/63 - Drove Bloor to town; went to Mr. Young's exhibition. 19/12/63 — Went to Mr. A. J. Baker's. F. Reynell, C. Fenn, F. H. and F Ayers, and I went to hear the minstrels at the theatre. Had a warm bath. 22/12/63 — Took 459 gallons of wine to Mr. A. Scott's cellar, Blyth street. 24/12/63— Rack- ng off wine. 25/12/63 — Began to paper my room. Drove Georgiana, Mr. and Mrs. Pollard, and John down to Mr. Strawbridge's; returned 12 pm. 26/12/63 — Sent off by the drays 839 gallons of wine. Went to the Bay; had tea at Mr. Noale's. 28/12/63— Racking off. 29/12/63 — Sent away four pipes of wine. 30/12/63 - Went to the cellar in town and arranged the casks. Went to the races. Quick silver won the Maiden Plate; also the Shorts (Register 31/12/63). 31/12/63— Racking off and sending wine away.

Spanish Clay for Fining. — Leave the substance in water all night.; draw off the water in the morning. Then pound it fine. Mix about 1½ lb. in two gallons of wine; stir well up in the hogshead, and let it settle for 30 hours. The above is enough for a hogshead (Mr H. Evans). To counteract the woody flavour (also Mr. Evans's recipe) one gallon of milk, handful of salt, and one of rice.

More than 40 years ago when I was in the trade, Capt. Le Page, who had been a shipmaster, and after that, cellarnran for Bell & Cross (who bought the business of the original Mr. Tolley), and who was employed by the same firm as I used Spanish clay to clear Port wine, and white of eggs in sherry. The captain knew a great deal of how to handle wines and spirits. At the end of the diary is a plan showing Home Park House (Mr. Wright's) and Home Park vineyard and Bushy Park road, and Mr. Auld's vine- yard, with the plots in which the vari- ous vines (Shiraz, &c.) are planted, and the number of vines - 2,600 Verdilho, 4,941 Shiraz, and 4,993 others, 12,000 in all.
Source: STUART'S FINAL EXPEDITION. (1926, April 24). The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929), p. 17. Retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article55027808

Tuesday, 5 March 2013

Trove Tuesday - "Thus We Hope To Prosper"

I couldn't let today pass without acknowledging the birthday of Australia's first newspaper - The Sydney Gazette And New South Wales Advertiser. Volume 1 Number 1 was published by authority of Governor King on Saturday 5 March 1803, 210 years ago.

Originally issued weekly, the newspaper was published, edited, typeset and printed by George Howe - a convict who had arrived in Sydney (AUS) in November 1800. An introductory address by Howe appeared on the first page of the first issue and reads:
Innumerable as the Obstacles were which threatened to oppose our Undertaking, yet we are happy to affirm that they were not insurmountable, however difficult the task before us. The utility of a PAPER in the COLONY, as it must open a source of solid information, will we hope, be universally felt and acknowledged, We have courted the assistance of the INGENIOUS and INTELLIGENT :--- We open no channel to Political Discussion, or Personal Animadversion :--- Information is our only purpose; that accomplished, we shall consider that we have done our duty, in an exertion to merit the Approbation of the PUBLIC, and to secure a liberal Patronage to the Sydney Gazette.
Source: [No heading]. (1803, March 5). The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), p. 1. Retrieved March 5, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page5653
Today, everyone can view these early newspapers through the National Library of Australia's wonderful and revolutionary search service known as TROVE.

Take time out and see what treasures you can find...

Trove Tuesday - Obituary for Rev. John Auld

Are you researching your own family history and ever wondered how newspapers could assist you in your research. Newspaper obituaries for one are a fantastic resource which can help flesh out your ancestors history, getting you out of the standard birth, marriage and death details that we all collect.

With the wealth of resources that is now available on Trove and new material constantly being added, this Trove Tuesday I will be looking at an obituary that can be found in the Digitised Australian Newspapers section of Trove.

Born 12 April 1842 in Stevenston (AYR, SCT) to parents John Auld and Janet Thomson, John Auld was the second born of ten children. The 1861 Scottish Census lists John as working as an enginer locomotive, but this early predilection was not to be his future calling. By 1873 Reverend John Auld had graduated with an MA from the University of Edinburgh, married Georgina Muir (daughter of John Muir and Elizabeth Millar) on 18 August 1873 at Langlands Brae, Kilmarnock (AYR, SCT), before immigrating to Sydney (NSW, AUS) in December, onboard the Christina & Thompson as passengers in saloon.

After spending a career dedicated to the Presbyterian church, Rev. John Auld passed away 14 August 1912 in Mosman (NSW, AUS). His obituary appeared in the Sydney Morning Herald the following day and reads as follows:
The death took place at Mosman yesterday of the Rev. John Auld, M.A., who was widely known in the State owing to his prominent connection with the Presbyterian Church. He was a native of Ayrshire, Scotland, and had reached his 70th birthday. In 1873 he took his M.A. degree at the Edinburgh University, and also received his license as a preacher for the Free Presbytery of Edinburgh. In the same year he married Miss Georgina Muir, of Kilmarnock, and set sail for New South Wales. Mr. Auld was the first of three ministers who were sent for by the Church Extension Committee of the Presbyterian Church in this State on the foundation of a provision made by the late Joseph Paxton. Shortly after his arrival, through his success as a preacher, he received competing calls from Wollongong and Dobroyde. He chose the latter, and settled in the charge in 1874. The district having been divided in two he chose the Ashfield portion, and removed to the Liverpool-road church, where he remained for 32 years-till 1906. Two years later he settled at Auburn, but after three years' service he became ill, and he retired to a home at Mosman, there to end his days. For many years he was clerk of the Sydney Presbytery, and in 1888 he was appointed Moderator, the highest office in his Church. The family consists of Rev. J. H. S. Auld, M.A., of Muswellbrook; Mr. David T. Auld, of Scott, Henderson, and Co.; Mr. Robert Auld, of J. J. Weeks, Ltd.; Mr. J. Muir Auld, the well-known artist and Mrs. F. H,Greaves, wife of Mr. F. H. Greaves, a Sydney solicitor. Mrs. Auld also survives. 
Source: DEATH OF REV. JOHN AULD. (1912, August 15). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved March 3, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15347990
Apart from the fabulous information relating to the church service of Rev. John Auld, what this particular obituary does do is give some invaluable insights into his family. Not only does it list all surviving members of his immediate family, it gives us clues for his daughters marriage as well as occupations of all sons and son-in-law. So, instead of thinking of a newspaper obituary as the last word on your ancestor, think of it as a potential starting point for additional research.

Time permitting I hope to give you regular entries for Trove Tuesday - enjoy.